Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Regular price $ 125.00 $ 0.00

Test for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Drinking Water

What are VOCs?

Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOCs) are carbon-containing compounds that evaporate easily from water into air at normal air temperatures. (This is why the distinctive odor of gasoline and many solvents can easily be detected.) VOCs are contained in a wide variety of commercial, industrial and residential products including fuel oils, gasoline, solvents, cleaners and degreasers, paints, inks, dyes, refrigerants and pesticides.

People are most commonly exposed to VOCs through the air, in food, through skin contact, and potentially in drinking water supplies.'

What are the health risks associated with VOC contamination?

VOCs vary considerably in their toxic (or harmful) effects. Researchers have collected an extensive amount of information about the health effects of VOCs, from animals studies, and from studies of human exposures to large quantities of chemicals in the workplace.

VOCs may be harmful to the central nervous system, the kidneys or the liver. VOCs may also cause irritation when they contact the skin, or may irritate mucous membranes if they are inhaled. Some VOCs are known or suspected carcinogens (or cancer-causers).

How do VOCs get into drinking water?

Most VOCs found in the environment result from human activity. When VOCs are spilled or improperly disposed of, a portion will evaporate, but some will soak into the ground. In soil, VOCs may be carried deeper by rain, water or snow melt and eventually reach the groundwater table. When VOCs migrate underground to nearby wells, they can eventually end up in drinking water supplies.

This Package Includes 22 Individual Contaminants:

Contaminant

EPA MCL
(mg/L)

Potential Health effects from
exposure above the MCL

Common sources of
contaminate in drinking water

Benzene

0.005

Anemia; decrease in blood platelets; Increased risk of cancer

Discharge from factories; leaching from gas storage tanks and landfills

Carbon Tetrachloride

0.005

Liver problems; increased risk of cancer

Discharge from chemical plants and other industrial activities

Chlorobenzene

0.1

Liver or kidney problems

Discharge from chemical and Agricultural chemical factories.

1,2-Dichlorobenzene

0.6

Liver, kidney, circulatory system problems

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

1-4-Dichlorobenzene

0.075

Anemia; liver, kidney or spleen damage; changes in blood

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

1,2-Dichloroethane

0.005

Increased risk of cancer

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

1,1-Dichloroethene

0.007

Liver problems

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

cis-1,2-Dichloroethene

0.07

Liver problems

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

trans-1,2-Dichloroethene

0.1

Liver problems

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

Methylene Chloride

0.005

Liver problems; increased risk of cancer

Discharge from drug and chemical factories

1,2-Dichloropropane

0.005

Increased risk of cancer

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

Ethylbenzene

0.7

Liver and kidney problems

Discharge from petroleum refineries

Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE)

n/a

Possible cancer risk

leaking gasoline storage tanks, pipelines and emissions

Styrene

0.1

Liver, kidney & circulatory system problems

Discharge from rubber and plastic factories; leaching from landfills

Tetrachloroethene

0.005

Liver problems; increased risk of cancer

Discharge from factories and dry cleaners

Toluene

1

Nervous system, kidney, or liver problems

Discharge from petroleum factories; or underground gasoline tanks

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene

0.07

Changes in adrenal glands

Discharge from textile finishing factories

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

0.2

Liver, nervous system, or circulatory problems

Discharge from metal degreasing sites
and other factories

1,1,2-Trichloroethane

0.005

Liver, kidney, or immune system problems

Discharge from industrial chemical
factories

Trichloroethene

0.005

Liver problems;  increased risk of cancer

Discharge from metal degreasing sites
and other factories

Vinyl chloride

0.002

Increased risk of cancer

Leaching from PVC pipes; discharge from plastic factories

Xylenes (total)

10

Nervous system damage

Discharge from petroleum factories and chemical factories

 


Your test kit will include sample bottles and easy to follow sample collection instructions. When testing is complete, a report will be issued identifying any problems detected with your sample.


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